Occasionally, a player will bat out of turn according to the lineup provided to the umpires by the manager before the game. This can cause great confusion on the part of the managers and umpires trying to decide what to do about the mistake. Rule 6.07 discusses at great length the concept of batting out of turn. Rule 10.03 (d) discusses the scoring of such plays. If the team at bat does not gain by the illegal action, the opposing manager usually says nothing. However, when that illegal batter does advance the cause of his team by advancing or scoring a runner, then it is time to speak out. This is not always done, however, since many times the opponents are unaware of the mistake.
The order in which batters hit in the early years of major league play could be quite different from the current rules. For more information see Early Practices.
(12/9/2014): 6/6/1882 details
(12/4/2014): Added inning on 5/5/1892
(12/3/2014): 9/2/1891 details
(11/7/2014): 9/15/1881, 6/6/1882, 6/19/1891, 9/2/1891, 8/1/1893, 9/8/1893, 7/6/1902 (we need help for all of these)
(11/5/2014): 5/5/1892, 10/3/1892 (we need help for these two)
(5/3/2013): 5/30/1944 corrected
Here are the instances of this event that we know:
Links to boxscores and play-by-play accounts where available by clicking on the date
9/15/1881 - Davy Force of the Buffalo Bisons was called out in a game at Worcester. No further details are known.
6/6/1882 - The Buffalo Bisons were in Providence to play the Grays. Pitcher Pud Galvin was listed as batting eighth for the Bisons with Tom Dolan in the ninth spot in the order. In the second inning, Dolan batted in Galvin’s spot and singled. Umpire Joe Quinn called Galvin out but allowed the single to stand. The Grays won the contest, 15-7.
4/18/1890 - The Philadelphia Athletics of the American Association won 12-9 at home against the Rochester Hop Bitters. According to the boxscore in the Philadelphia Inquirer the next day, Wilbert Robinson of the Athletics batted out of turn, but the story about the game had no additional information.
6/17/1891 - The Colts (now Cubs) played in Cleveland. Through the seventh inning, the Colts' Bill Hutchinson batted in Malachi Kittridge's place in the batting order but the Spiders let it go. In the seventh, Fred Pfeffer walked and Hutchinson, batting out of turn, singled, moving Pfeffer to third. As Kittridge stepped to the plate, the Spiders told umpire Tim Lynch that Hutchinson batted out of turn. This out ended the inning, killing the Colts' rally.
6/19/1891 - Dick Johnston of Cincinnati Kelly's Killers (AA) was called out in this game against the Louisville Colonels. No further details are known.
9/2/1891 - The Phillies were visiting Pittsburgh when they had two players called out for batting out of turn. Manager Harry Wright listed Billy Shindle sixth in the batting order and Ed Mayer eighth. In the second inning, Mayer batted in Shindle's place because that was how the order had been the day before. After Mayer struck out, Pirates manager Bill McGunnigle talked with umpire Jack McQuaid about the Phillies batting out of order. McQuaid declared Shindle and William Brown (in the seventh spot) out for allowing Mayer to bat ahead of them.
9/29/1891 - According to the Milwaukee Sentinel, John Carney of the American Association Milwaukee Brewers was out in the top of the second for batting out of turn in a 10-5 loss at home against the Louisville Colonels. No further details are known.
5/5/1892 - The Phillies were in Pittsburgh. Before the game, a preprinted
scorecard from the previous day was posted in the Philadelphia dugout showing Lave
Cross batting sixth and Joe Mulvey batting seventh. However, the two had been switched
by manager Harry Wright. The two players batted in the order specified on the scorecard
(out of turn). In the top of the fourth, Mulvey singled and was called out. The Pirates won
the contest, 5-2.
10/3/1892 - The Louisville Colonels visited Pittsburgh to play the Pirates. Sometime during the game, Lou Bierbauer of the Pirates was called out for batting out of turn. No further details are known.
8/1/1893 - In the first game of the day, Tommy Dowd was called out for batting out of turn for the St. Louis Browns at home against the Pirates. No further details are known.
9/8/1893 - Pop Schriver of the Chicago Colts (Cubs) was called out in a contest against the Phillies. No further details are known.
5/25/1899 - St. Louis hosted Brooklyn with a batting order that was different than the usual one employed by the team. Cupid Childs hit fourth, making an out to end the first inning. It was Lou Criger's spot, but nothing was said about the mistake. Bobby Wallace, the proper next batter, started the second with a hit and then it should have been Patsy Tebeau's turn at the plate. However, Criger hit and singled. Criger was called out for hitting out of turn and Tebeau sent to the plate. Brooklyn beat St. Louis, 8-1, as the home team made five errors.
8/17/1901 - In the first game of the day between Brooklyn and New York, Frank Bowerman was playing second base and hitting sixth in the New York lineup. However, as he was not a regular in the lineup, he went to the plate too early in the first inning. After the third hitter, Algie McBride, reached on an error with two out, Bowerman walked to the plate and was hit by a pitch. Fourth place hitter Charlie Hickman, who should have hit after McBride instead of Bowerman, made an out to end the inning and Brooklyn did not realize the two mistakes. (Once Bowerman reached base, the proper hitter was the seventh-place batter, John Ganzel, not Hickman.) In the second inning, New York hit correctly, starting with the #5 hitter, Sammy Strang. Then when Bowerman came to the plate again, Brooklyn protested to umpire Frank Dwyer. The arbiter looked at the batting order and proclaimed Bowerman to be the proper batter and the game went on.
7/6/1902 - George Yeager of the New York Giants was called out in the seventh inning for batting in the wrong spot in a contest at St. Louis. No further details are known.
9/22/1904 - In the Giants' 100th victory of the season which clinched the National League pennant, the Reds had trouble with their lineup. Pitcher Win Kellum batted in place of Tommy Corcoran and struck out. When a protest was lodged, Corcoran was called out and Kellum batted again.
7/25/1905 - With the Cardinals in Brooklyn for the second game of their series, Jimmy Sheckard ended the bottom of the seventh by striking out. However, the same batter started the eighth with a walk but nothing was said. The Redbirds scored twice in the top of the ninth on a passed ball to win, 4-3.
8/11/1905 - Brooklyn was visiting Chicago. Catcher Bill Bergin struck out to end the fifth inning but then came up again to start the sixth. He singled and eventually scored but the Cubs won, 3-2.
6/4/1906 - The Tigers were visiting Washington. In the bottom of the eighth inning, Howard Wakefield fouled out to start the inning but then Jake Stahl realized he was the person who was supposed to have batted. When he reported this to umpire Tim Hurst, the latter declared Stahl out and play proceeded. Stahl had cussed out Hurst earlier in the game and later in the eighth cussed out base umpire Tom Connor and was ejected. Not a great day for the Washington skipper.
5/25/1908 - The Cubs hit out of turn in the first inning against the Giants in Chicago. Pat Moran was listed seventh and Joe Tinker eighth in the lineup. However, when the seventh spot came up with two out in the bottom of the first, Tinker strode to the plate and made the third out. Moran then led off the bottom of the second with a single to center and eventually scored. In the third inning, the batters hit in the correct order and the Giants objected. However, umpire Bob Emslie showed John McGraw the lineup sheet and that was the end of that. The Cubs won the contest in 10 innings, 8-7.
7/2/1908 - The Phillies were at the Polo Grounds to play the Giants. Mickey Doolan (listed as Doolin in contemporary sources) batted seventh and Red Dooin batted eighth. Doolan made the last out in the seventh inning but then came to the plate to start the eighth. Doolan grounded out and then umpire Cy Rigler was notified that he had batted out of turn. Rigler called Dooin out. Since Doolan had already made an out the Giants should have ignored the confusion.
8/16/1910 - In the bottom of the seventh in Boston, Harry Smith pinch hit for pitcher Buster Brown and singled. Rube Sellers pinch ran for Smith and scored two batters later. These changes took place in the ninth slot in the batting order. When Doc Miller's turn to hit came up later in the inning, Bud Sharpe was substituted for Miller in the fourth spot in the lineup. At the end of the inning, Sellers remained in the game as the new right fielder, thus hitting ninth, and Chick Evens entered the contest as the new hurler in the fourth spot in the lineup. With two out in the bottom of the eighth, the nine spot in the order came up but Evans batted and made the third out of the frame. He was out of order but accepted by St. Louis. This should have reset the batting order, making Ed Abbaticchio the next proper batter (in the fifth spot in the lineup). However, Bill Collins batted and made an out in the first spot in the order. Three batters later, it came around to Evans's spot again but Sellers hit in the fourth place instead. Sellers ended the game with an out. None of these instances of batting out of turn were protested by the St. Louis manager, Roger Bresnahan. It could have been since no one reached base batting out of turn or it could have been that no one on the Cardinals side of the field noticed.
10/2/1912 - At a game in Chicago the Pirates were leading 5-4 in the bottom of the ninth inning. Catcher Jimmy Archer, batting in the eighth spot in the lineup, doubled. Cy Williams ran for Archer and Wilbur Good pinch hit for Jimmy Lavender. Hank Robinson replaced Howie Camnitz on the mound and Dick Cotter was sent up to bat for Good. Cotter singled in the tying run, sending the game into the tenth inning, and took Archer's place as catcher. In the bottom of the tenth, Chicago had runners on first and second with two out and the eighth place in the lineup due to bat. Cotter came to the plate and singled to center to drive in the winning run. After the players had left the field Pirate manager Fred Clarke realized what had happened and sent the team's secretary to umpire Brick Owens to protest. Owens told the Pirates that it was too late for a protest since the team had left the playing field. However, NL President Tom Lynch upheld the protest on 10/13 and threw the game out. It was not replayed or completed.
5/19/1913 - The Yankees scored seven runs in the top of the eighth inning to beat the Browns, 8-6. In that inning Frank Chance ground out as a pinch hitter for the pitcher, Ray Fisher, who was in the ninth spot in the lineup. When the New Yorkers approached the bottom of the order again in the same inning, Chance hit in the eighth spot instead of shortstop Claud Derrick. This time Chance singled and knocked in two runs. St. Louis protested to umpire Hildebrand after the inning was over but he correctly told them that it was too late.
6/21/1913 - In the top of the seventh inning in Philadelphia, Les Nunamaker of the Red Sox pinch hit for pitcher Hugh Bedient. Nunamaker remained in the game catching and the new hurler, Charles Hall, entered in the eighth spot replacing starting catcher Bill Carrigan. The Sox started at the two spot in the top of the eighth inning. After Steve Yerkes made an out, five consecutive Boston players singled which scored two runs with one runner out at the plate. The next hitter should have been Hall, but Nunamaker batted out of turn and made the third out of the frame. Hooper should have started the ninth for the Red Sox but Hall batted out of turn. (They had the eighth and ninth place hitters reversed.) Once Hall made and out, Harry Hooper batted out of turn and singled. He eventually scored the winning run but the Athletics did not notice.
5/31/1914 - In the seventh inning of the second game of a doubleheader in Cincinnati, Tommy Clarke pinch hit for Reds pitcher King Lear in the ninth spot in the order and hit a run-scoring single to center. Maury Uhler ran for Clarke and Johnny Rawlings hit for the leadoff hitter, right fielder Herbie Moran. Uhler stayed in the game in right field and the new pitcher, Phil Douglas, assumed the leadoff spot. As the ninth inning started, the ninth position in the batting order was due up . However, the Reds forgot the double switch and thought that the pitcher was next so Fritz Von Kolnitz was sent in to pinch hit for Douglas. A pinch hitter can not be out of order because he was officially batting for Uhler not Douglas. After Von Kolnitz grounded out, Douglas should have been the next batter in the leadoff position. However, Uhler came to the plate out of order and walked. Then the number two hitter, Buck Herzog, singled Uhler to third. He was also out of order but the Pirates never caught on either. The Reds scored two runs in that inning that could have been prevented. They were important as they tied the game at 5 runs apiece and at the end of the inning, the game was called due to darkness.
7/4/1914 - In the second game of a doubleheader at Pittsburgh, the Baltimore Terrapins of the Federal League batted out of order. In the bottom of the eighth inning, Fred Jacklitsch replaced catcher Harvey Russell after two outs were made by the Pittsburgh Rebels. He entered the game in the eighth batting spot. When the tenth inning started, the seventh place hitter was due up but Jacklitsch went to the plate and singled. However, the Rebels told the umpire of the error and the proper batter, Mickey Doolan, was called out. Jacklitsch then batted in his proper spot and grounded out to first. Pittsburgh won the game in the bottom of the tenth, 8-7.
8/18/1914 – The St. Louis Browns were in Washington playing the Senators. The Browns batted out of turn for most of the game without consequence. In the bottom of the eighth inning, 3B Jimmy Austin was ejected for arguing a safe call at 3B on Howie Shanks. SS Bobby Wallace moved to 3B and Doc Lavan entered the game at SS. Here is the lineup as presented to HP umpire Billy Evans and how they batted for the first eight innings.
Lineup As batted Ninth Inning (proper) Howard, 1B Howard Howard, 1B Shotton, CF Shotton Shotton, CF Pratt, 2B Pratt Pratt, 2B E.Walker, LF E.Walker E.Walker, LF Williams, RF Williams Williams, RF Leary, C Wallace Agnew, C Austin, 3B Leary Lavan, SS Wallace, SS Austin Wallace, 3B Hamilton, P Hamilton James, PIn the top of the ninth, there was one out. Sam Agnew had replaced John Leary earlier in the contest. Gus Williams was on 2B and Wallace on 1B. The latter had batted out of turn. Tillie Walker strode to the plate as a pinch hitter for Lavan. However, the proper batter after Wallace was the pitcher, Bill James, who had entered the game in the eighth inning. Confused? Look at the third lineup column for the ninth inning list. Billy Evans correctly ruled that Agnew was the proper batter when Wallace batted. Agnew was called out and Wallace removed from 1B. Walker then batted in the proper order (Lavan’s spot) and made an out to end the game.
9/6/1915 - The Cubs were in St. Louis for a holiday double header. In the bottom of the second inning of the first game, with two out and Tom Long on first, Bruno Betzel tripled. However, Frank Snyder was the proper batter but Cubs manager Roger Bresnahan did not notice. Snyder then batted (also out of order) and singled in Betzel. The mistake was not discovered by the Cubs until the fifth when Snyder and Betzel batted in the proper order, which they did for the rest of the contest. The Cardinals won the first game, 3-2, in 12 innings and then swept the Cubs, 10-0.
9/25/1915 - The Pirates had catcher George Gibson batting eighth and the pitcher ninth in their game against the Braves in Pittsburgh. In the seventh inning, Zip Collins pinch hit for Gibson and Leo Murphy for pitcher Al Mamaux. Murphy remained in the game catching and the new pitcher, Phil Slattery, was placed in the eighth spot in the lineup. However, in the bottom of the ninth, the Bucs had a runner on a two out. The next batter should have been Slattery but Murphy came up one slot early and struck out to end the game.
9/14/1916 - The Red Sox lineup had been Duffy Lewis hitting fifth, Everett Scott hitting sixth and Mike McNally seventh. However, this day, McNally was listed ahead of Scott on the lineup card presented to umpire Bill Dineen. In the top of the second inning, Scott and McNally reversed places without comment but, in the fourth frame, Lewis singled, then after Scott made an out, McNally singled to send Lewis to third base. The St. Louis Browns pointed out that McNally was out of turn and umpire Bill Dineen called McNally out.
7/9/1917 - In the top of the first inning in St. Louis, Yankees second baseman Paddy Bauman was hit by a pitch. The Browns appealed that Bauman had batted out of turn and the proper batter, Elmer Miller, was declared out.
6/28/1919 - The Cardinals played in Chicago, losing to the Cubs, 6-5. In the contest, the Redbirds batted out of order for the first eight innings, only correcting the mistake in the ninth. The batting order, as given to umpire Bill Klem, showed Doc Lavan batting seventh and Frank Snyder batting eighth. However, the two players batted in the opposite order starting in the second inning, when the Cardinals scored two runs. Those tallies would not have counted if the Cubs had spoken up about the miscue. Since St. Louis manager Branch Rickey changed the batting order for this game, neither the Cardinals players nor the Cubs realized that the two players were out of order. Lavan came to the plate in the ninth in his proper spot (for the first time in the game) and the Cubs protested that he was out of order when he was actually in order for the first time in the contest!
6/30/1920 - The Dodgers were playing a doubleheader against the Giants at the Polo Grounds. In the bottom of the seventh inning of game 1, Lew McCarty pinch hit for Jesse Winters in the ninth place in the batting order and singled. Al Lefevre ran for McCarty and stayed in the game playing second base. The new pitcher, Bill Hubbell, entered the game in the seventh spot in the lineup. In the ninth inning, Lefevre, actually in the ninth spot, batted in the seventh spot out of order but struck out. Frank Snyder, the eighth-place hitter, then came to the plate out of order and grounded out. The next hitter should be Lefevre in the ninth-hole in the order. Benny Kauff was sent up to pinch hit for Hubbell even though it was not his turn to bat. Kauff cannot be considered as batting out of order since he is a pinch hitter. Officially, he is hitting for Lefevre not Hubbell. Kauff singled in a run but none of this matters as the Dodgers beat the Giants, 7-3.
8/31/1920 - The Giants played in Pittsburgh and had one batter at the plate at the wrong time. Larry Doyle, batting in the seventh spot in the lineup, ended the seventh inning. In the bottom half of that frame the Pirates scored six times to pull ahead of New York, 6-5, for the eventual winning margin. The last two runs scored on a dropped fly ball. In the top of the eighth inning, fifth-place batter George Kelly started the inning with a single. The Bucs pointed out the fact that he was not the proper batter and Earl Smith was declared out.
6/10/1921 - Ty Cobb's Tigers were in Washington completing a series against the Senators. Before the game, Cobb changed his lineup by reversing Harry Heilmann and Bobby Veach. However, the skipper failed to tell the players of this switch. In the top of the first inning, Heilmann batted in Veach's spot and hit a two-run home run to left field. Umpire Billy Evans declared Heilmann out. When Veach finally got to bat in the fourth inning, he homered to right. There was also a Washington runner called out for coach's interference later in the game. The Tigers won, 6-3.
5/25/1923 - Red Faber of the White Sox beat the Tigers in Detroit, 5-3. In the bottom of the seventh, Johnny Bassler pinch hit for pitcher Herm Pillette and walked. Les Burke then ran for Bassler and remained in the game in the ninth spot in the order at second base. The new pitcher entered the game in the seventh spot previously occupied by the second baseman. With two out in the bottom of the ninth inning, Burke batted in the seventh place in the order out of turn but grounded out to end the game.
5/25/1923 - A second team batted out of order on this day. The Pirates confused their lineup the first time though the order in this game at home against the Cardinals. The fifth-place hitter, Pie Traynor, had ended the first inning. Johnny Rawlings should have started the second inning but Charlie Grimm (listed seventh) batted and singled to center. Then Rawlings came to the plate and singled to right advancing Grimm to second base. The Cardinals then spoke with Umpire Bill Klem and he called Grimm out and removed him from the basepath. Rawlings was allowed to stay on first base. Pirates manager McKechnie told Klem that he intended to protest the game. The next hitter was the eighth-place batter, Johnny Gooch. Thus Klem seemed to call the wrong player out and allow the wrong batter to hit. The Redbirds had scored an unearned run in the top of the first inning. In the ninth, the Pirates scored two runs to win the game and make McKechnie's protest unnecessary.
7/19/1923 - The Cubs played in Philadelphia this day. Before the game the announcer listed John Kelleher playing third and batting fifth for the Cubs. However, when that spot in the lineup came up for the first time Bernie Friberg batted. He singled to left, knocking in the first run of the game but Umpire Bill Klem declared that Kelleher should have batted and called Friberg out for batting out of turn. Since Friberg was not in the lineup he should have been considered a pinch hitter and allowed to bat. When the Cubs took the field in the bottom half of the inning, Friberg went to third and played the rest of the game, which was won by Chicago, 7-1.
8/2/1923 - The St. Louis Browns had considerable trouble with the batting order in the first game of two in Washington, which they lost 5-0. Manager Lee Fohl changed the lineup order from the usual and the players did not adjust. A contemporary newspaper story said that Fohl changed the batting order frequently during the season. Two different swaps were made as Ken Williams and William Jacobson swapped the third and fourth positions and Wally Gerber and Hank Severeid swapped the sixth and seventh places. In the first inning, there was a runner on first and one out. Williams came to the plate instead of Jacobson and walked. When the Senators pointed out that Williams was the wrong batter, Jacobson was declared out and Williams batted again. This time he doubled to right but Eddie Foster was thrown out trying to score from first on the hit. Those two players batted in the proper order after that. Senators skipper Donie Bush noticed the other situation early in the game. In the second, fifth and seventh innings both Gerber and Severeid made outs so Bush said nothing. However, in the ninth inning, Gerber batted with two out and a runner on first base. He singled advancing the runner to third. Bush then spoke up and Umpire Ormsby declared the batter out to end the game.
8/9/1923 - In the top of the ninth inning in St. Louis, the Giants' Frank Snyder pinch hit for relief pitcher Jack Bentley in the ninth spot in the order. Snyder remained in the game as the catcher and the new pitcher, Jack Scott, entered the game in the eighth place in the order where the previous catcher had been. The seventh-place hitter, Travis Jackson, ended the tenth inning by grounding out. Scott should have started the eleventh inning but the Giants confused the order when Snyder batted in that place. Snyder singled to left and Hugh McQuillan ran for him. Then Scott, also out of order, singled to left. Both runners eventually scored and the Giants seemed to have the game in hand because the Cardinals did not protest the batting order. Alex Gaston entered the game as the new catcher in the ninth spot in the order and the Redbirds tied the game in the bottom of the eleventh. In the twelfth and fifteenth innings, Gaston and Scott batted in reverse order but both made outs in each case. The Cardinals never noticed the reversal since they were batting in the order that the defensive positions had been listed at the start of the game. St. Louis finally won, 13-12, in the fifteenth inning. A total of 37 players and 12 pitchers played in the game.
9/3/1923 - The St. Louis Browns confused their lineup in the first game of a doubleheader in Cleveland. Ken Williams usually hit in the third spot but the lineup given to the umpires had William Jacobson third, Marty McManus fourth and Williams fifth. In the first inning after Wally Gerber doubled and Jack Tobin reached on a bunt, Williams, hitting out of turn, doubled home the first run of the game. Then Jacobson, also hitting out of order, hit a run-producing ground out. McManus, hitting in his proper spot after Jacobson, walked. The next hitter should have been Williams but Pat Collins, the sixth-place hitter, came up and struck out. No more runs were scored in that inning. The Indians figured out that the Browns had hit out of turn later and tried to protest the runs scored but umpire Evans properly allowed them to stand. However, Cleveland came back to win the game, 4-2.
6/19/1924 - With the Giants playing the Braves in Boston, the home team mixed up their batting order at the start of the game. After the leadoff batter had grounded out, Ray Powell came to the plate one spot early and also grounded out. The Giants pointed that out to Umpire Hank O'Day and he declared the proper batter, Les Mann, out and the inning over. The Giants beat the Braves, 4-1.
7/28/1924 - The Red Sox were in St. Louis to play the Browns. In the bottom of the eighth inning, Ernie Wingard pinch hit for shortstop Wally Gerber (in the eighth spot in the lineup) and singled. Norm McMillan then ran for catcher Hank Severeid (in the seventh spot in the lineup). McMillan remained in the game at shortstop, Tony Rego came in to catch and George Lyons to pitch. McMillan has to be in the seventh spot in the lineup so Rego and Lyons are eight and nine (or reverse). In the bottom of the ninth, after the sixth place hitter doubled, Rego batted at the insistance of home plate umpire Brick Owens and grounded out to end the inning. He was clearly out of order as McMillan should have batted. In the top of the tenth, Boston scored five runs. McMillan batted to start the bottom of the frame (out of order). After the Browns lost, Manager George Sisler protested the game due to the mis-application of the rules by Owens. The protest was upheld and the game declared a no-decision by AL president Ban Johnson.
8/11/1925 - The Braves were in Chicago playing the Cubs. The lineup showed Les Mann hitting fifth, Andy High sixth and Gus Felix seventh. In the top of the first inning, there was one out, one run scored and runners on first and second after four hitters had come to the plate. However, Felix (seventh) strode to the plate in Mann's place (fifth) and walked to load the bases. High then singled home two runs and Mann ended the inning by grounding into a double play. All three of those players batted out of turn and the Cubs could have spoken up multiple times about the situation. Two of the runs could have been eliminated had they protested to the umpires. Boston went on to win the game, 9-2.
10/10/1925 - In game three of the World Series, Nemo Leibold pinch hit for Senators pitcher Alex Ferguson in the bottom of the seventh inning. After Leibold walked, Earl McNeely ran for him. McNeely remained in the game in centerfield while Firpo Marberry entered the game as the new pitcher. Marberry was inserted into the fifth spot in the batting order. In the bottom of the eighth with one out, Muddy Ruel singled. The next batter should have been McNeely but Marberry walked to the plate and sacrificed Ruel to second. The Pirates did not protest the improper batter (possibly since Marberry came up in the usual spot for the pitcher). The next proper batter was Buddy Myer in the sixth spot but the Senators went to the top of the lineup and Sam Rice who grounded out to end the inning.
7/1/1926 - In the bottom of the first inning at Braves Field, Doc Gautreau was on second with two out. Eddie Brown walked but the Phillies pointed out that he had batted out of turn. Thus, Dick Burrus, who was the correct batter, was declared out and the Braves stranded Gautreau at second. The Braves eventually won the contest by scoring three runs in the seventh frame.
8/20/1926 - The Tigers were in Philadelphia to play the Athletics. In the second game of a twin bill, the team did not follow Ty Cobb's lineup at the start of the game but were not called on it the first time through the list. In the fourth inning, Harry Heilmann doubled and, with two out, scored on a hit by Charlie Gehringer. However, coach Kid Gleason asked umpire Billy Evans about the proper order and Evans negated the play and called out Gehringer for batting out of turn. Before the game, when the announcer had listed the Tigers lineup, the writers thought he had made a mistake and simply transposed the two names in their scorebooks. Apparently, so did O'Rourke, the correct batter, and Gehringer. The Tigers won in spite of the gaffe, 5-4.
9/25/1926 - The Senators and White Sox played two games in Chicago. The visitors mixed up their batting order in the second contest which they won, 3-2 to split the twin bill. In the seventh frame, Stuffy Stewart was sent in to run for catcher Muddy Ruel, who was batting in the eighth hole in the lineup. Bennie Tate pinch hit for pitcher Stan Coveleskie. When Washington took the field, Tate stayed in the game in the ninth spot and caught while the new pitcher, Firpo Marberry, assumed the eighth place in the lineup. In the top of the ninth inning, Tate batted out of order in the eighth place but neither team discovered the mistake until the frame was over. He had made an out so it didn't matter anyway.
4/23/1927 - The St. Louis Browns defeated the Tigers, 15-10, on a cold day in Detroit. In the top of the third frame, Fred Schulte was called out for batting out of turn. No further details are known.
7/26/1927 - In the first game of a doubleheader at Yankee Stadium, the Browns sent four batters to the plate in the first inning. Then in the next frame the number five and six batters made outs. The next scheduled hitter was catcher Steve O'Neill but Wally Gerber, in the number eight spot in the lineup, came to the plate and ended the inning with a fly out. The fact that Gerber batted out of turn was discovered before the Browns came to the plate in the third inning. The next proper hitter according to the rules would be the ninth person in the order, pitcher Milt Gaston. However, the umpires told Gerber to bat again at his "proper" time. This time Gerber grounded out and Gaston followed him to the plate. The Browns then proceeded through the lineup in proper order. The Yankees won the game, 15-1, led by Babe Ruth's two home runs off Gaston.
5/23/1928 - The Washington Senators had two regulars out of the lineup as they played the Athletics in Philadelphia. This was the third contest with George Sisler substituting in left field and Joe Judge at first base. In the previous two contests, Judge batted third with Sisler after him. However, the lineup card turned in on this day had the two players reversed in the order. The first time through the lineup both players made outs. In the third inning, the Nats had the bases loaded with two out. Judge batted out of turn and walked for an apparent run. Philadelphia manager Connie Mack pointed out to umpire Bill McGowan that Judge hit in Sisler’s place. Sisler was called out and the run nullified. The Athletics won the game, 4-2.
5/18/1929 - In the first game of two in Boston, Braves manager Judge Fuchs moved Joe Dugan up one spot in the batting order based on his recent improved batting. Evidently the batters did not know about the change. The official lineup had Dugan hitting fifth, Earl Clark sixth and Freddie Maguire seventh. In the second inning Clark and Dugan reversed their order with Clark making an out, Dugan singling to left and Maguire making an out. The Giants said nothing here. In the third, Clark batted one spot early again and made the last out of the inning. Dugan led off the fourth with a single to left. New York's acting manager Schalk spoke with umpire Quigley who wiped out the base hit and called the proper batter, Maguire, out. During the course of this discussion Braves coach Johnny Evers was ejected. Dugan drove in the game-winning run in the ninth inning with a sacrifice fly to beat the Giants, 5-4.
8/9/1929 - The Giants confused their batting order at the start of this game in the Polo Grounds. The order was supposed to be Doc Farrell third, Mel Ott fourth, Bill Terry fifth and Travis Jackson sixth. With two out in the first inning Terry came to the plate ahead of Ott and made the last out of the frame. Ott led off the second out of order but also made an out. Jackson then batted out of order and walked. The Reds never spoke up about this. In the third inning, Ott strode to the plate after Farrell singled. There was an outcry from the fans in the stands that he was batting out of turn. It was explained by Terry that manager John McGraw had reversed Ott and Terry in the lineup and that now they were hitting in the proper order. It is interesting that the opponents said nothing either time but that the New York fans spoke out about the batting order. The Giants won, 7-1.
8/2/1930 - The Phillies were in Boston for a double header against the Braves. Their batting order for the first contest showed Don Hurst fifth, Pinky Whitney sixth and Tommy Thevenow seventh. In the top of the second inning, Whitney strode to the plate in Hurst’s spot and struck out. Hurst then grounded out. Both were out of order. Thevenow followed Hurst and was also out of order. The Phillies repeated this incorrect order in the fourth. In the seventh frame, Chuck Klein reached on an error, Whitney singled Klein to third and Hurst hit a sacrifice fly. The Phillies realized their mistake in the ninth and batted in the proper order, with Hurst reaching on an error after Klein doubled. The Braves argued that Hurst had batted out of order this time but was told that they were actually batting correctly. The Braves won the contest, 3-2.
4/15/1931 - The was a lot of confusion during a Dodgers game in Boston. in the top of the fifth inning, Ike Boone pinch hit for the pitcher, Earl Mattingly. Boone then went to right field in place of Babe Herman, who was said to be having trouble in the sun. Herman had been in the third slot in the batting order, so the new pitcher would be placed there on the double switch. However, before the bottom of the fifth got started, Alta Cohen was sent out to right in place of Boone, thus Cohen would be in the ninth spot in the batting order. In the top of the sixth, when the third spot in the order came up, Cohen stepped to the plate and singled but was left stranded on the bases. The Braves did not protest. In the top of the seventh, Cohen batted in his proper ninth spot in the order and singled again. This hit was part of a two-run inning but the Braves prevailed, 9-3.
5/26/1932 - The Dodgers had trouble with their lineup in a game at the Polo Grounds. The official sheet had George Kelly batting seventh and Al Lopez eighth. The latter batted one spot early but struck out to end the second inning. Kelly then started the third inning out of turn but also struck out. Then pitcher Watty Clark made an out as an out of turn batter. The second trip through the lineup the three batsmen strode to the plate in the same incorrect order. This time Kelly homered to left but no protest was made by the Giants. With two out in the sixth inning after Tony Cuccinello doubled and Glenn Wright was passed, Lopez singled to center to score Cuccinello with Wright thrown out trying for third. The McGrawmen protested to umpire Cy Rigler. He called Kelly out and wiped the run off the board. The Giants tied the score in the bottom of the ninth to send the game into extra innings. Brooklyn won the game in twelve innings, 3-2 when Lopez scored the winning run on Johnny Frederick's base hit.
8/1/1932 - The Yankees won the game at Detroit 6-3 behind the hitting of Lou Gehrig. However, Tigers Manager, Bucky Harris informed umpire Dick Nallin in the 2nd inning that if the Tigers lost he would protest the game because the batting order given to the home team before the game had Chapman batting ahead of Lazzeri. It did not match the correct order that was given to the umpire. When Lazzeri singled in the 2nd, Harris brought the situation to the attention of the umpire. However, the umpire refused to call the batter out. The protest was latter upheld and the game was declared a no contest.
8/31/1932 - The Cubs beat the Giants at Wrigley Field in a ten-inning game that witnessed an eclipse. The two teams combined for nine runs in the extra frame, as the hosts won the contest, 10-9. The confusion started in the eighth inning, when Stan Hack pinch ran for Charlie Grimm, who was in the sixth spot in the lineup. Marv Gudat pinch hit for Gabby Hartnett in the seventh spot and made an out to end the inning. He remained in the game at first base. At the start of the ninth, Zack Taylor entered the contest as the catcher, and would have to be in the sixth batting spot in the lineup, because he was the only player entering the game and that was the only empty spot. In the bottom of the ninth, Mark Koenig batted in his eighth spot and then Frank Demaree hit for Bob Smith. The Cubs scored one run to tie the game, 5-5. The last hitter of the inning was Johnny Moore in the fifth spot in the lineup. The only new player in the top of the tenth for Chicago was pitcher Guy Bush, and he was relieved before retiring anyone by Leroy Herrmann, who should be in the ninth spot in the order. So now the order is:
Herman, 2b English, 3b Cuyler, rf Stephenson, lf Moore, cf Taylor, c Gudat, 1b Koenig, ss Herrmann, pAfter the Giants scored four runs in the top of the tenth, the Cubs half of the inning went as follows: Billy Jurges pinch hit for Taylor and made an out. Gudat fouled out. Koenig homered into right field bleachers to make the score 9-6. So far, everything is OK. Taylor then singled to right, although he is out of the game because Jurges hit for him. The Giants don't realize the mistake and therefore say nothing. If they had spoken up at this time, the proper batter, Herrmann, would be called out. He would have been the third out of the inning and the game would be over. Herman singled to center. English hit an RBI-single to center. Cuyler hit a three-run homer into the centerfield bleachers to win the game.
6/29/1933 - In the top of the second Cardinals outfielder Ethan Allen hit an inside the park home run to deep left-center at the Polo Grounds. However, he batted out of turn and the proper batter, Joe Medwick, was called out. The drive came off Watty Clark with no one on and one out. Allen then batted again and grounded out to third.
8/10/1934 - The Yankees batted out of turn twice without the Red Sox protesting in a game that the New Yorkers won, 10-3. Manager Joe McCarthy had revised his lineup and the players did not bat in the order on the official lineup handed to the umpires. In the top of the first inning there were two outs when both Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig walked. Ben Chapman then batted ahead of Bill Dickey and loaded the bases with an infield single. Dickey then came to the plate out of turn and singled to center scoring Ruth and Gehrig. Pitcher Rube Walberg then threw the ball into center field trying to pick off Chapman at second and both runners advanced one bag. Tony Lazzeri then singled to center scoring both runners. If the Red Sox had protested when either Chapman or Dickey hit out of turn, none of the four runs would have scored in the inning. Chapman and Dickey again batted out of turn the second time through the lineup but without any damage done. In the fifth inning, Gehrig walked and Chapman, again out of turn, struck out. Then Dickey batted out of turn and singled. Finally the Red Sox noticed and protested the batting order. The Yankees then followed the official lineup through the end of the game.
7/27/1935 - In the first game of two at Wrigley Field, the Reds started the top of the fifth with the pitcher due up. Instead, the batter at the top of the lineup, short stop Billy Myers, hit instead and singled. According to the next day's Chicago Tribune, the "radio announcers caused quite a commotion in an effort to arouse [manager Charlie] Grimm, but to no avail." Lew Riggs then stepped to the plate and once a pitch had been made to him, it was too late to protest the hit by Myers. Riggs struck out, Myers stole second and Babe Herman singled to left with Myers moving to third. Now Grimm came out to protest the batting out of turn - two batters too late! The Tribune's account said: "Umpire [Cy] Rigler suggested to him that it might aid his pennant drive if he would try reading a rule book." Jim Bottomley then knocked in the run that should not have scored. However, the Cubs swept the double header, so only marginal damage was done by this event.
10/3/1937 - In a double header at Pittsburgh, Woody Jensen led off the lid-lifter for the Pirates and went three for four in the game. In the second game, Jensen led off the bottom of the first inning by flying out. Then Reds manager Bobby Wallace talked with umpire Charlie Moran. Lloyd Waner had been penciled into his usual leadoff position for game two. Moran called Waner out and Jensen, the number two hitter, was told to bat and was put out again. There was no reason for Wallace to speak up since Jensen was already out.
4/26/1942 - In a game at Comiskey Park, the White Sox had some difficulties with their batting order. The unofficial batting order, given to the official scorer a few minutes before game time, had Bob Kennedy scheduled to bat sixth and Bud Sketchley to bat seventh. Then came the official batting order as submitted to the umpires and the Indians, showing Sketchley was supposed to bat ahead of Kennedy. The public address announcer, who had supplied the lineup to scorer, corrected his listing and announced the proper order. Kennedy, batting out of order, supplied the third out in the second inning. In the third inning, before Sketchley took his turn at bat, Manager Jimmy Dykes ran out to Umpire Steve Basil and told him that Sketchley was not the proper batter. Sketchley sat and Tom Turner batted since he was listed after Kennedy. The Indians thought (and the scoreboard showed) that Sketchley was called out for batting out of turn, which was not the case since the Pale Hose successfully changed to Turner before Sketchley completed his turn at the plate. Turner doubled to left center and eventually scored. When the second out was recorded in the inning and the Indians saw they needed one more, Cleveland Manager Lou Boudreau argued and then protested the game. The protest was dropped as the Tribe beat Chicago, 3-2.
5/1/1943 - In the second game of a doubleheader at the Polo Grounds, the Dodgers batted out of turn in the first inning but discovered the problem themselves. Alex Kampouris batted one spot too early in place of Dee Moore and flew out. Dodger skipper Leo Durocher noticed the mistake and sent Kampouris up again, supposedly in his own place in the lineup. However, once Kampouris batted the next batter should have been Bobo Newsom who was listed after Kampouris. Kampy walked in his second trip to the plate. Brooklyn swept the twin bill by scores of 9-2 and 3-0.
6/25/1943 - In a game in Boston, the Yankees batted out of turn twice. In the top of the third, the New Yorkers had a run across when Joe Gordon doubled in the second run on the inning. Sox manager Joe Cronin came out and told plate umpire Bill Summers that Gordon had batted out of turn. In the initial frame, Gordon had struck out so Cronin wisely let the infraction pass. Gordon was listed seventh on the official batting order but had been listed sixth on the lineup given to the press. The proper batter, Rollie Hemsley, was called out and Nick Etten was returned to the base paths and his run negated. Gordon hit a solo homer in the top of the ninth to tie the game at 2 runs each. The contest was eventually called for darkness at 7:50pm after the eleventh inning. Etten's run in the third would have allowed the Yankees to win the game.
5/30/1944 - In the first game of a double header, catcher Spud Davis and pitcher Joe Vitelli were inserted into the game in a double switch in the bottom of the sixth inning. In the top of the eighth, Davis batted in Vitelli’s spot and singled. However, when the Dodgers pointed out the mistake, Vitelli was called out and Davis batted again. This time he grounded out.
9/15/1944 - The announced lineup for the White Sox in St. Louis had Eddie Carnett batting fifth and Guy Curtwright following Carnett. However, the official lineup card handed to HP Umpire Joe Rue showed the two players reversed. In the top of the first, Wally Moses singled, Roy Schalk sacrificed Moses to second and Ralph Hodgin flied out. Hal Trosky was walked intentionally and Carnett singled to left, scoring Moses. On the throw home, Hodgin advanced to third and Carnett to second. Browns manager Luke Sewell talked to umpire Rue, with the latter calling out Curtwright and nullifying the run. The Browns won the game, 5 to 1.
5/24/1945 - The Athletics beat the Tigers, 7-2, in a wild game. In the fourth inning, pitcher Al Benton of the Tigers was hit by a line drive by Bobby Estalella. Benton suffered a fractured bone just above the right ankle and was carried off the field. The Philadelphia batting order turned in to umpire Eddie Rommel had Joe Burns batting fourth, Irv Hall fifth and George Kell sixth. However, on the scoreboard Hall and Kell were reversed. Burns struck out to open the bottom of the second inning. Kell, batting out of turn, also struck out. Hall then batted and, when he singled, the Tigers protested that he was out of order. Rommel declared Hall out, which was incorrect according to the rules. The proper batter in this case was Dick Siebert, who followed Kell in the lineup in the seventh spot, and he should have been declared out, not Hall. Rommel further declared that Kell should lead off the third inning, which is also incorrect. Since Siebert was the proper batter, Frankie Hayes (in the eighth spot) should have led off the third inning. Since Rommel had Kell lead off the third inning, it looks as if only five batters made six outs in the first two frames. One result of the confusion is that Kell's strikeout disappeared from the official records. The confusion continued when the Tigers' protest of the game based on Kell was not being the proper lead off batter was denied incorrectly by the AL president.
9/15/1945 - Kermit Wahl of the Reds batted out of turn in the bottom of the second inning and singled to CF. When the mistake was pointed out to HP umpire Bill Stewart, the proper batter, Woody Williams, was called out. The Reds beat the Braves, 2-0, in 1:14 at Crosley Field.
9/6/1948 - The Dodgers were in Boston for a doubleheader. In the second game, Bill Salkeld and Mike McCormick of the Braves batted out of order the first two times through the lineup and the Dodgers did not realize it. McCormick was listed in the sixth position and Salkeld the seventh on the lineup handed to the umpires before the game. They produced two runs before the visitors realized there was a problem. In the first inning, Salkeld singled Jeff Heath home after the latter's 2-RBI triple off the centerfield wall. Then in the third inning, Salkeld doubled to right and scored on Sibby Sisti's single to left. After Salkeld made an out in the fifth inning, McCormick singled to left to advance a runner. Brooklyn coach Ray Blades then spoke to the umpires about the batting order and McCormick was called out for batting out of turn. The Braves swept the twin bill with Warren Spahn pitching a 14-inning complete game in the opener to win 2-1 and the second game called in the middle of the seventh due to darkness with the Braves ahead 4-0.
9/16/1949 - The New York Giants were at Wrigley Field to play the Cubs. In the bottom of the tenth inning, the Cubs batted out of turn and, when the Giants did not realize the mistake, the Cubs scored the winning run! The Cubs had runners on first and third with two outs when relief pitcher Bob Rush, in the eighth spot in the order, should have come to the plate. There was a "double switch" after Emil Verban pinch ran for Smoky Burgess in the ninth and remained in the game at second base and in the ninth place in the order. Verban came to the plate to hit ahead of Rush and walked to load the bases. The Giants failed to speak up. Mickey Owen then pinch hit and singled in the winning run. Once a pitch was made to Owen, the Giants lost the ability to speak up about Verban. Due to not complaining about Verban, the #9 hitter, the correct next batter was the #1 hitter, Bob Ramazzotti, so Owen was hitting in the lead off slot. The cellar-dwelling Cubs won, 5-4.
6/24/1950 - The game between the Pirates and Dodgers in Brooklyn was stopped at 11:59 because of a curfew. When the contest was resumed on 8/1, two Pirates players, Dale Coogan and Earl Turner had left the team. Two players (Hank Schenz and George Strickland) replaced them and the bottom of the eighth inning continued. In the top of the ninth, Strickland should have batted but Schenz came to the plate and grounded out. The Dodgers, who won the game 21-12, did not object since the improper batted made an out. One amazing point in all of this is that the Pirates pitcher at the point of the suspension, Vic Lombardi, took the mound again when the game resumed six weeks later! Moreover, the actual batting out of turn took place over a month after the official date of the game.
7/28/1950 - The Cubs played in Brooklyn in a game that started at 8:30pm. After a 30-minute rain delay in the third and another that lasted 1:20 in the eighth, the contest finally ended at 1:21am. The official lineup presented to the umpires by Cubs manager Frank Frisch showed Bob Borkowski batting second and Carmen Mauro third. In the first inning, they batted in reverse order but both made outs. They repeated the process in the fourth inning. However, in the fifth inning of the score less game, the Cubs started the scoring. With two out and a run in, Wayne Terwilliger reached on Pee wee Reece's throwing error, scoring the second run for the Cubs. Mauro then singled to left, scoring Roy Smalley. Dodger coach Clyde Sukeforth then pointed out to Umpire Lou Jorda that Mauro was out of order. Borkowski, the proper batter, was called out, the run was nullified and the inning was over. The Cubs eventually won the game, 12-5.
8/1/1951 - In the first game of two at Wrigley Field, the score was tied at one apiece in the top of the seventh inning. The Giants had the bases loaded with no one out after two singles and an intentional walk to catcher Wes Westrum. Davey Williams ran for Westrum, who was hitting in the eighth spot in the lineup. The Giants failed to score in the frame and Williams remained in the game playing second base and Sal Yvars entered the contest to catch and bat in the first slot in the lineup. In the eighth inning, the Giants had a run across with two out and runners on first and second. It was Williams turn to hit but New York manager Leo Durocher insisted to plate umpire Lee Ballanfant that Yvars was the proper batter. Ballanfant correctly did not comment on the idea and allowed Yvars to come to the plate. Since Yvars struck out for the final out of the inning, the Cubs remained quiet about the batting out of order. Chicago scored two runs in the bottom of the eighth to win the contest, 3-2.
8/24/1952 - After losing the first game of a doubleheader, the Philadelphia Athletics started the second game confused. Eddie Joost struck out and Ferris Fain doubled to left. Dave Philley then walked although he was listed in the fifth spot in the order not third. Gus Zernial doubled, bringing White Sox manager Paul Richards out of the dugout. According to the official lineup, Cass Michaels followed Philley. After a 15-minute delay while the umpires read the rule book, Michaels was declared out and Zernial's double was eliminated. However, the Athletics still won the game, 5-1.
7/24/1953 - The Cardinals were in Philadelphia and manager Eddie Stanky turned in a lineup card with the first three batters listed as Solly Hemus, Stanky and Stan Musial. However as the game started the Redbirds followed the lineup as posted in the dugout. Stanky batted and struck out. Then Hemus singled and as Musial came to the plate Phillies skipper Steve O'Neill spoke with plate Umpire Bill Jackowski. The single by Hemus was nullified and Musial declared out. Musial later stole home for the Redbirds only run of the game as two Granny Hamner homers defeated the Cards, 2-1.
8/21/1953 - The Cardinals hit out of turn for the second time in less than a month. Playing at home against Cincinnati, the Redbirds went down in order in the first inning. Ray Jablonski was due up to start the second but Steve Bilko batted one slot early in the order. After Bilko grounded out, the Cardinals discovered the error and told the umpires who declared Jablonski out. Then Bilko hit again in his proper place and homered for the game's first run. The Cards won, 4-0.
8/13/1954 - In a 16-inning game in which the home-standing White Sox beat the Tigers, 1-0, substitute first-sacker Wayne Belardi batted out of turn. Reno Bertoia pinch ran for fifth-place hitting first baseman Walt Dropo in the thirteenth inning and stayed in the game playing second base. Belardi entered the game in the eighth spot at that time. In the fifteenth inning after fourth-place hitter Ray Boone had walked with one out, Belardi came to the plate in Bertoia's spot and fouled out to the catcher. Detroit realized their mistake and sent Belardi up again the next inning and he successfully sacrificed catcher Red Wilson to second base. Both pitchers, Al Aber for Detroit and Jack Harshman for Chicago, pitched complete games.
6/9/1961 - The Los Angeles Angels were playing a doubleheader at Fenway Park. The Angels lineup for game two had Ken Hamlin batting first and Gene Leek eighth. However, Leek started the game by grounding out and the Red Sox did not comment. The next batter should have been the ninth-place hitter, pitcher Ryne Duren. However, Lee Thomas came to the plate and singled to left. At this point the Sox again did not comment. Leon Wagner, properly following Thomas, singled to right driving advancing Thomas to third. At this point, Boston could not protest the batter since Wagner was the correct one. Thomas scored on a ground out by the next batter, Ken Hunt. In the second inning, sixth place hitter Ken Aspromonte led off with a single and the seventh batter, Steve Bilko, was called out on strikes. Leek should have hit now but Hamlin strode to the plate and beat out an infield hit. The Red Sox now point the improper batter to the umpires and Leek, the proper batter, is called out. The Angels follow the correct lineup for the rest of the game and go on to beat the Red Sox, 5-1.
7/6/1962 - In the top of the second inning with two outs, seventh-place hitter Mack Jones was the scheduled batter for the Braves. However, Del Crandall, eighth on the lineup sheet, strode to the plate and walked. Pitcher Bob Hendley should be the next batter but now Jones came to the plate. After Jones singled, the Cubs protested the order of the batters. The umpires ruled Hendley out and disallowed Jones' single. The Braves went on to win the contest, 5-3, on Eddie Mathews' 2-run homer in the tenth inning.
9/24/1964 - The Cubs official lineup showed Ernie Banks playing first base and batting fifth. John Boccabella started the game in his place and grounded out in the second and fourth innings. However, in the sixth Ron Santo tripled and so did Boccabella, scoring Santo. The Dodgers manager Walter Alston then protested the batting order. Boccabella's triple was nullified and Santo placed back at third. Ernie Banks was deemed to be the proper batter and was called out and given a time at bat. However, this was an incorrect ruling by crew chief Frank Secory. According to rule 3.08(a)(3), Boccabella became the first baseman and the proper fifth place batter when he took the field in the top of the first inning as an unannounced substitute. Therefore, it was incorrect to remove Boccabella's triple and to charge Banks with a time at bat. Boccabella finished the game at first base, collecting a single in the eighth inning. The Cubs won with a two-run rally in the bottom of the ninth inning thanks to three walks, an error and Santo's sacrifice fly. The final score was 4-3.
6/27/1967 - The Pirates were playing at Shea Stadium. In the top of the first, they sent six batters to the plate. Maury Wills and Manny Mota both singled and moved up on a wild pitch. Roberto Clemente grounded out, driving in Wills and Donn Clendenon also grounded with Mota remaining at third. After Bill Mazeroski walked, Gene Alley came to the plate and grounded out to the pitcher. Alley batted ahead of Jose Pagan, the proper batter, but since he made an out the Mets said nothing. In the third inning, Mota reached on his second bunt hit of the game and Clemente was called out on strikes. Both Clendenon and Mazeroski singled to left with Mota scoring on the latter's safety. Alley again batted out of turn and hit into a force play at second moving Clendenon to third. After Pagan hit a 2-RBI double, the proper batter, Jim Pagliaroni, was called out. Pagan's plate appearance was eliminated, along with the two runs. The Mets were leading at the time by the final score of 5-2.
4/13/1969 - The White Sox were in Seattle playing the Pilots with the Pale Hose leading 11-1 after 3 ' innings. In the bottom of the fourth, the Pilots staged a rally, scoring four runs. During the inning, Sox manager Al Lopez replaced his battery but placed new hurler Wilbur Wood in the fifth spot in the order where the catcher had been and the new catcher, Duane Josephson, in the ninth spot. In the top of the fifth, the eighth-place hitter, Woody Held, reached second on an infield error. Then Wood mistakenly went to the plate instead of Josephson. Wood successfully sacrificed Held to third base and the lead-off hitter, Buddy Bradford, followed. The White Sox continued this error in the next inning when the fifth spot in the lineup came up. Josephson hit with a runner on first base and grounded into a double play. In the seventh, Josephson hit again in his proper ninth spot and they continued to bat in the correct order for the remainder of the game, which was won by the White Sox , 12-7.
For the second time in their new life, the Seattle Pilots were involved in a
batting out of order situation. This time, the Pilots were the ones that were
confused. The Orioles were in town and Pilots' skipper Joe Schultz changed the
lineup after submitting it to the umpires. The revised lineup had differences in
the second through sixth spots, including one player substitution. Here are the
Official Revised Harper, 2B Harper, 2B Hegan, RF Simpson, CF Davis, LF Comer, RF Mincher, 1B Davis, LF Comer, CF Gil, 3B Gil, 3B Hegan, 1B McNertney, C McNertney, C Oyler, SS Oyler, SS Marshall, P Marshall, PWhen Dick Simpson went to center field in the top of the first inning, he was considered an unannounced substitution for Don Mincher according to Rule 3.08(a)(3) and legally in the game. Therefore, Simpson was placed into the fourth spot in the batting order (the umpire does not care about fielding positions). So now the batting order looks like this:
After Start of Game Harper Hegan Davis Simpson Comer Gil McNertney Oyler Marshall
The Pilots batted in the revised, incorrect order into the fifth inning. In the bottom of the first, Dick Simpson walked and stole second but was left stranded there by Wayne Comer and Tommy Davis. In the second inning, Gus Gil struck out and Mike Hegan grounded out. Jerry McNertney singled and scored when Ray Oyler homered. McNertney was out of order but Oyler was not so the homer could not be protested and the score was now 4-2 Orioles. In the third, after Tommy Harper walked, the next three batters all made outs. In the fourth inning, the only damage was another single by McNertney. In the fifth, the Pilots had runners on first and second and no one out. It was time for the second place hitter to bat. Simpson (out of order) struck out and then Comer flew out (in the correct spot after Simpson). Davis, the third-place hitter now batting in the sixth spot following Comer, doubled in both runners and Earl Weaver protested that Davis was out of order. Baltimore was ahead 9-2 at the time. Gil was the proper batter at the time but the umpires declared Simpson the proper batter and called him out for the second time in the inning and the second time in three batters. The official order was followed to the end of the game, which was won by the Orioles, 9-5.
5/22/1972 - The Texas Rangers batted out of order in the bottom of the 10th inning against Chicago. Texas had made a double switch an inning earlier when Paul Lindblad entered the game as the new pitcher and Don Mincher went to first base. Evidently Rangers manager Ted Williams did not notify the umpire, who therefore recorded the substitutions in the same batting order slot as the previous players at the same defensive position. This is usually referred to as 'straight up.' Thus when Mincher batted in the ninth spot in the 10th inning he was out of order. Lindblad was called out with Toby Harrah as the runner on first and then Elliott Maddox struck out to end the game, with the White Sox winning 7-6.
9/16/1972 - Dwight Evans made his major league debut in the bottom of the sixth inning against the Cleveland Indians when he pinch ran for Reggie Smith. The Red Sox were leading at the time, 9-0 and Cecil Cooper had already been placed in the game as a pinch runner for Carl Yastrzemski. Yaz was batting third and Smith fourth in the original lineup. In the top of the seventh, both Cooper and Evans stayed in the game and three other defensive replacements were made by manager Eddie Kasko. With one out in the bottom of the eighth inning, Evans batted in Cooper's spot but flew out. No protest was made by the Indians. The next legal batter should have been Phil Gagliano but Cooper came to the plate and also made an out to end the inning and the Sox went on to win 10-0. Thus, Dwight Evans' first major league plate appearance was out of order!
5/15/1974 - The Giants skipped a batter in the eighth inning. In the sixth inning, Bobby Bonds pinch-hit for the pitcher. He stayed in the game in the ninth spot in the order and the new pitcher batted in the first spot. The next time around the order, Bonds homered and Tito Fuentes hit for the pitcher. Mike Phillips should have batted next but Garry Maddox, the number three hitter, came to the plate instead and made an out. The Reds said nothing in this case and eventually won the game, 4-3.
6/9/1975 - The Twins were playing the Indians in Cleveland and Minnesota manager Frank Quilici gave the wrong lineup to the Press Box and evidently to the players. Dan Ford, Danny Thompson and Glenn Borgmann were listed officially as batting seventh, eighth and ninth. However, Ford and Thompson batted in reverse order until the ninth inning. In the first, Thompson made the last out of the inning. Ford and Borgmann, who was also out of order now, both grounded out to start the second. In the fourth, Thompson singled but no runs scored in the inning. Thompson popped out to end the fifth. Ford tripled to start the sixth and eventually scored but Cleveland manager Frank Robinson did not object. In the seventh and eighth innings, all three batters made outs. In the ninth inning, the Twins finally batted in the proper order. Ford and Thompson both hit run-producing groundouts. The Twins won in the eleventh inning, 11-10, when Thompson drove in the game-winner with a single to center field. The Twins batted out of order four times and in the correct order twice in the game.
4/29/1977 - In a game in San Diego, the Mets batted out of order through the whole game. The lineup featured Roy Staiger batting sixth, John Stearns seventh and Bud Harrelson eighth. This was a change from recent games when Stearns was sixth and Staiger seventh and the two batted this way four times in a row. In the first inning, Stearns hit into an inning-ending double play. Staiger made an out and Harrelson singled in the second (both batting out of turn). Stearns led off the fourth with a home run but the Padres said nothing. Both Staiger and Harrelson made outs, again out of order. In the fifth, Stearns and Staiger were both out but Harrelson started the sixth by reaching on an infield error. With two out in the seventh, Stearns walked and Staiger singled him to third. However, the Padres finally spoke up and the umpires incorrectly declared Staiger out instead of Harrelson, who led off the eighth inning. Even with all the batting changes, the Mets won the game, 9-2.
4/22/1980 - In the bottom of the second inning, the Mariners' Bill Stein and Joe Simpson batted out of order, both reached base and yet nothing was said. With one out, Simpson doubled to left and then Stein was hit by a pitch. Larry Cox singled to right filling the bases but pinch hitter Leon Roberts grounded into a double play to end the inning and the threat. Seattle scored two runs in the bottom of the eighth inning to beat Oakland, 5-4.
4/27/1980 - In the top of the first at Milwaukee's County Stadium, there were two out and a runner on first when Roy Howell walked. However, Otto Velez had been the scheduled batter and when the Brewers objected, Velez was called out to end the inning. Toronto won the game, 8-2.
5/4/1980 - The Dodgers were visiting Philadelphia and the top of the first inning was not Dallas Green's best day on the way to the World Series championship. Davey Lopes singled and Rudy Law reached on an infield error. After Reggie Smith popped out, Law stole second base. Steve Garvey reached on an infield single, scoring the first run of the game. Dusty Baker then hit into a force out leaving runners on first and third but had batted out of turn. Green came out and pointed out the fact that the proper batter had not hit. Thus Ron Cey was called out, the runners restored to their previous bases and Baker batted again. This time he hit a three-run homer to left. Green now was very upset saying that Baker should not have batted believing according to newspaper accounts that Baker's force out should count and Cey should be ruled out . He was ejected from the game and protested the game. The protest was denied as the rules were followed correctly. The incorrect decision was Green's when he did not take the out on Baker's first trip to the plate. The Dodgers eventually won the game 12-10.
7/4/1982 - The Yankees were playing in Cleveland. In the first inning, they had the bases loaded and one run in when Roy Smalley batted in Graig Nettles' place. Smalley flew out to end the inning and nothing was said by the Indians. New York won the game, 3-2.
6/27/1983 - The Mariners got away with one in this game in the Kingdome against the White Sox. After sixth-place batter Al Cowens flew out to start the second inning, Dave Henderson, who was listed in the eighth spot, also flew out. Then the player listed seventh in the lineup, Jamie Allen, came to the plate and walked. Tony LaRussa said nothing and no runs were scored in the inning. However, the second time through the lineup the Mariners' hitters batted in the correct order and every one made an out. It was the third time through the lineup in the sixth inning that LaRussa complained. Cowens and Allen both made outs and then Henderson, hitting in the correct spot, singled to center. The protest was now made unsuccessfully since the Mariners were following the lineup card order. Seattle scored two runs in the inning to tie the game at 4-4 but eventually lost, 7-4.
6/27/1988 - Cincinnati manager Pete Rose turned in a different lineup to the umpires than he was using in the dugout. The official lineup had Kal Daniels in left field batting third. However, when the team took the field to start the game, Dave Collins trotted out to left field thereby becoming a substitute in the lineup. Daniels was now out of the game. In the bottom of the first, Barry Larkin walked and then Collins, who was in the third slot, batted instead of the second hitter, Chris Sabo. When Collins popped out, the Padres said nothing. Now the next batter should have been the fourth-place hitter, Eric Davis, but Sabo came to the plate. When he reached on an error, the Padres noted the lineup problem and Davis was called out . The Reds lost the game, 9-2.
8/10/1989 - Oakland's Tony Phillips had a fun day at the plate even though he did not get a hit in this game at Comiskey Park. Phillips was listed in the eighth spot in the batting order. In the top of the second inning, he batted in the seventh place instead of Ron Hassey and grounded out to end the inning. Evidently the Athletics realized this mistake and tried to take corrective action to start the third inning. Instead of properly continuing on with the ninth-place hitter, Mike Gallego, Oakland sent up the eighth-place hitter (Phillips again!) thinking that was the correct action after the "seventh" batter had ended the previous inning. This time he walked. The White Sox did not protest the action but Phillips was left stranded at third base when the inning ended. When that part of the lineup came around again in the fourth inning, the Athletics batted in the proper order and scored two runs. They won the game, 4-1.
8/27/1989 - Astros manager Art Howe attempted to change his lineup a couple of hours before the game. He wanted Alex Trevino in the second spot and Rafael Ramirez in the eighth spot. Howe told coach Matt Galante to make the switch. Galante changed the lineup card for the dugout but Howe failed to change the lineup card given to the umpires. In the bottom of the first, Trevino singled with one out in the number two spot. Cardinals manager Whitey Herzog then pointed out that Trevino batted out of turn according to the official lineup. This resulted in the second out of the inning. According to the rules, Ramirez (the proper batter) was out. However, the umpires then allowed Ramirez to bat. He flied out, apparently ending the inning. Then Herzog talked with the umpires again about an incorrect batter, this time Ramirez. After a few minutes of discussion, the umpires put the Cardinals back on the field and made Kevin Bass, the number three hitter, bat. He struck out to end the inning. The Astros had lost the previous five games but beat the Redbirds, 6-3. Ken Caminiti said: "Everybody in the dugout was laughing'We knew we had hit rock bottom when we couldn't even bat in the right order."
9/23/1989 - The Blue Jays skipped a batter in the middle of this game in Milwaukee. After going through the order twice, Ernie Whitt's third plate appearance was a ground out to end the fifth inning. Tony Fernandez should have led off the sixth but Kelly Gruber batted instead of his partner on the left side of the infield. After Gruber flew out no protest was raised. Fernandez never came to the plate in that turn through the lineup and finished the game with three plate appearances as Toronto lost, 4-1.
8/31/1993 - In the bottom of the first inning, the Rockies reversed the third and fourth hitters in the lineup. Andres Galarraga batted instead of Dante Bichette and grounded out to end the inning. Bichette then led off the second with an infield single and eventually scored the first Rockies run. The Expos did not protest and eventually won the game 14-3. Bichette had four hits in four at bats in the game while Galarraga went zero for four.
9/26/1993 - In the second game of the doubleheader, the Pirates were not clear about their batting order against the Cubs. In the bottom of the first, the first five players batted in order. The fifth-place hitter, Al Martin, knocked in the game's only run with an infield single. The scoreboard listed Tom Foley batting sixth, Tom Prince seventh and Rich Aude eighth. The correct order was Aude, Foley and Prince. When Foley batted in Aude's spot and grounded out, the Cubs properly did nothing. Aude led off the second, which matched neither lineup, and singled to center. The Cubs then talked to the umpires about the batting order. Aude was taken off the bases and Prince was declared out. In spite of the difficulties, the Pirates won the game, 1-0.
5/21/1994 - The Reds worked with two different lineups in this game. The official version had Brian Dorsett hitting seventh and Bret Boone eighth. However, the lineup posted in the dugout reversed them. Boone led off the bottom of the second out of order by grounding out. Then Dorsett walked, also out of order. Dodger manager Tommy Lasorda talked with umpire Jerry Crawford. Dorsett was told to return to the dugout and pitcher John Roper, the ninth hitter, was ruled out. Reds manager Dave Johnson protested because he did not understand the rules. He thought Dorsett was out and Roper should bat. He did, however, take the blame for the mix-up. Lasorda protested for the same reason: lack of understanding. He thought that Boone should have been the next batter. The umpires ruled this situation correctly and Roper was given a time at bat with an automatic putout for the catcher. Lasorda eventually dropped his protest as the Dodgers won, 6-4.
5/2/1995 The Mets game in Montreal produced a comedy of errors. This was the first home game of the season for Montreal and their sixth overall. There were substitute umpires working major league games to start this season since the regular arbiters were locked out by the owners. When Luis Aquino and Cliff Floyd entered the game in the top of the sixth, the home plate umpire, Don January, incorrectly decided that Aquino was batting fifth and Floyd ninth. When Floyd came to bat in the #5 slot, Mets' manager Dallas Green told January that the Expos were batting out of order. Expos manager Felipe Alou claimed he had Floyd fifth and Aquino ninth and that January made the mistake. Alou was ejected. January then allowed Floyd to bat and ground out, despite knowing that he was not the proper batter. Then January called Aquino out for not batting in order and sent the runner back (that, at least, was the right call.) After calling Aquino out, the next batter should be the one in the sixth spot, Sean Berry. However, January decided that Aquino should bat now. He singled to left and then Berry ended the inning with a ground out. Thus, Aquino had two at bats in one time through the batting order. Despite this confusion the Expos won, 9-6.
7/7/1996 - On the last day before the All-Star break, the Milwaukee Brewers' Matt Mieske batted out of turn in the top of the second inning at Yankee Stadium. The lineup posted in the dugout was different than the one given to the umpires. After John Jaha led off the inning by doubling to right-center, Mieske singled to right, moving Jaha to third. When Yankee skipper Joe Torre talked with the umpires, Jose Valentin, the proper batter, was called out. Mieske then batted again and flew out to right. The Brewers beat the Yankees, 4-1.
6/2/1997 - The Tigers used two different lineups in their game in Oakland. Brian Hunter led off the game with a triple to right. Then Damion Easley grounded out to first with Hunter scoring on the play. However, Art Howe pointed out that Bobby Higginson was the proper second batter so he was called out and Hunter placed back at third base. In the press box it was announced that the ground out with the first baseman getting an assist and the pitcher getting the putout would stand as the play. However, according to rule 10.03(d) this is not correct. The complete play included the run scoring, which is why Howe objected. In this case, the play should have been an automatic putout for the catcher not the groundout that occurred. The lost run did not affect the Tigers as Hunter scored when the next batter, Melvin Nieves, drove him in with a sacrifice fly. The Tigers beat Oakland, 8-7.
8/8/1998 - In the bottom of the fifth inning, the Giants' Shawon Dunston pinch hit for Ellis Burks in the second spot in the order and ended the inning with a strikeout. In the top of the sixth inning, manager Dusty Baker made five substitutions in his lineup, including leaving Dunston in the game. New players went into the third through fifth spots in the order. Stan Javier started the bottom of the sixth properly and was out. Then Joe Carter and Rich Aurilia got confused and Aurilia batted out of turn. He walked, Carter flew out and then Bill Mueller, who had been in the game, walked. By now it was too late for the Braves (ahead 10-2) to say anything, if they actually knew there was a problem. With all the changes, they might not have realized Aurilia batted out of turn. The Giants scored three runs in the inning but lost the game 14-6. Carter and Aurilia hit in the proper order the next time around the lineup in the seventh inning.
8/14/2002 - The Tigers were batting in the top of the second inning in their first time through the order of their game in Anaheim. They started with the fifth player in the lineup, Carlos Pena, who doubled. After that both Wendell Magee and Shane Halter made outs. The next scheduled hitter (eighth in the lineup) was Brandon Inge but Chris Truby (ninth) came to the plate. Truby struck out to end the inning so The Angels said nothing. The Tigers then started the next inning in the proper place with the top of the order and Inge hit in the proper place for the rest of the game. The Tigers lost the game, 5-4.
8/16/2003 - The Yankees were playing at Camden Yards in Baltimore. In the bottom of the first inning, the Orioles had runners on second and third with one out. It was Jay Gibbons turn to bat but Tony Batista came to the plate and hit a sacrifice fly. Gibbons then grounded out to end the inning. Since the Yankees said nothing about the batting out of turn, the second inning should have started with Batista hitting again. However, Brook Fordyce popped out to start the inning. The Orioles batted correctly for the rest of the game. With that run in the first, the teams ended the ninth inning tied and the Yankees won in 12 innings, 5-4.
9/5/2003 - The Brewers' Bill Hall started to bat out of order in the bottom of the second inning against the Cubs but did not complete the plate appearance. Hall was listed eighth in the batting order but came to the plate in the seventh spot the first time through the order. He took the first pitch for a ball before the mistake was rectified. Keith Osik took his proper place at the plate, and despite being spotted ball one, struck out on five more pitches. Hall then popped out to end the inning. The Cubs won, 4-2.
4/16/2004 - In the top of the seventh inning, Cubs manager Dusty Baker intended to place two new players in the lineup with a double switch but failed to tell Umpire C.B. Bucknor. When the Cubs batted in the bottom of the inning, shortstop Ramon Martinez came to the plate in the ninth spot in the order and doubled. The Reds protested that the Cubs were batting out of order. Pitcher Kent Mercker, the proper batter, was called out. Baker argued with the umpires but was told that the call stood. Yelling & screaming, he tossed his lineup card on the ground and was ejected by Bucknor. Baker threw his hat, walked away and returned; he tossed his hat again, stomped to the dugout and kicked some items in the on deck circle before finally leaving the field. The Cubs won in the bottom of the ninth, 11-10, when Sammy Sosa and Moises Alou hit back-to-back homers to end the game. When Baker arrived home that day, his son called him "Mad Dog."
7/1/2005 - Kansas City manager Buddy Bell delivered a different lineup to the umpires than was posted in the dugout. In the bottom of the first inning, David DeJesus led off with a single. Angels manager Mike Scioscia then spoke with plate arbiter Jerry Crawford about the batting order. Since Angel Berroa was listed as hitting first on the official lineup card, he was called out and DeJesus was told to bat again. This time he hit a fly ball to centerfield for the second out.
9/1/2007 - Toronto had two different lineups, one posted in the clubhouse and one handed to the umpires. The latter, which is the one that counts, showed Aaron Hill batting sixth, Lyle Overbay batting seventh, Gregg Zaun eighth and John McDonald ninth. Overbay batted in Hill's spot in the second inning and made an out. Then Hill doubled but the Mariners pointed out the mistake. Here is where is got interesting. The umpires huddled and then called Hill out for batting out of order. Then Zaun was allowed to bat. The correct call would be that the proper batter (Zaun) should have been declared out and then the hitter after him (McDonald) would be the next batter. Thus, in this case, Hill should have been skipped entirely. The concept of skipping someone in the lineup is difficult for people to grasp but is the correct sequence here.
5/11/2008 - In the top of the ninth, after a double switch, the Reds batted out of order when David Ross hit in Corey Patterson's spot. Ross flew out to right and then Mets Manager Willie Randolph told the umpires about the issue. Patterson was called out instead of Ross and Ross batted again and singled. Randolph should have taken the out and kept quiet.
5/20/2009 - The Brewers were playing in Houston. In the bottom of the first inning, Michael Bourn batted first and singled to right. Brewers manager Ken Macha came out to talk with HP umpire Eric Cooper and pointed out that Kazuo Matsui was listed first on the lineup card. Matsui was called out and it was Bourn's turn to hit. This time, Bourn walked and scored when Lance Berkman doubled. The Astros won despite the flub, 6-4.
6/19/2010 – The Rays were playing the Marlins in an Inter-League contest in South Florida. To start the top of the ninth, the Marlins made three defensive changes. In the bottom of the frame, Brian Barden came to the plate to start the inning and walked on a 3-2 count. Rays manager Joe Madden talked with HP umpire Lance Barksdale about the Marlins hitting out of order. Because Barden batted out of turn Barksdale made him leave first base and the proper batter, Wes Helms, was called out with an automatic putout to the catcher. Marlins manager Fredi Gonzalez came out and argued for a long time with Barksdale, who ejected Gonzalez. There was a long discussion between Gonzalez, Barksdale and crew chief Tom Hallion. After the game, Gonzalez insisted that Barksdale did not correctly write down what Gonzalez said were the batting positions for the substitutes.
7/6/2013 – There was confusion concerning the Giants batting order in a game against the Dodgers. In the bottom of the first inning, the Giants had a runner on 3B and one out when Buster Posey hit an RBI-double to the RF corner. Dodgers manager Don Mattingly spoke to HP umpire Tony Randazzo, saying that Posey was listed fourth and Pedro Sandoval should have been the batter. Sandoval was ruled out, the runner went back to third, and Posey came back to the plate to bat in his proper spot, making the third out of the inning and wiping a run off the board for the Giants.
9/4/2013 – In the bottom of the eighth inning, the Rangers made a few lineup changes. Geovany Soto entered the game as the catcher and batted sixth while Engel Beltre entered the game as the new right fielder and batted fifth. Previously, the right fielder had been batting sixth and the catcher fifth. In the top of the ninth, Soto batted in his proper spot and homered. Beltre then came to the plate out of turn (he was before Soto not after) and struck out. Then Soto’s spot was skipped and Jeff Baker struck out (out of turn). Jurickson Profar then struck out to end the game.
Page Updated: 12/9/2014
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