Retrosheet


Passing Runners on the Bases

According to Official Baseball Rule 7.08 (h), any runner is out if he passes a preceding runner before that runner is out. This is not an appeal play but is called immediately by the umpire. There have been many cases of a runner passing a preceding runner through the years.

Latest additions:
(on 4/15/2014): 4/12/2014
(on 5/29/2012): 5/20/2012
(on 6/30/2011): 6/27/2011
(on 7/17/2006): 9/18/1915
(on 7/13/2006): 7/3/2006
(on 4/16/2006): 4/16/2006
(on 6/28/2005): 6/26/2005
(on 2/22/2005): 9/12/1920
(on 1/18/2005): fixed wording for 4/29/1985
(on 5/29/04): 7/6/2002
(on 5/16/04): 5/7/2004, 5/8/2004

Here are the instances of this event we have in our files:

Click on the date to see the boxscore and play-by-play when available

9/18/1915 - In the top of the twelfth inning of a scoreless game in Boston, Ty Cobb led off with a double into the overflow crowd standing in right field. Bobby Veach bunted to move Cobb but Red Sox hurler Ernie Shore threw high to first and Veach was safe. Sam Crawford was walked intentionally to load the bases with one out. Marty Kavanagh forced Cobb at home. With one out and the bases still  loaded, Ralph Young hit into another force out at home. However, Kavanagh, running from first on the play, rounded second and passed Crawford for the third out of the inning.

4/24/1919 - In the second game of the season at Redland Field in Cincinnati, with Cliff Heathcote on first with one out, Rogers Hornsby drove the ball to right center that might have gone for a triple or homer. However, Reds second sacker Morrie Rath faked Heathcote into believing that Rath had caught the ball. Heathcote returned towards first base while Hornsby was digging for second. Hornsby was called out for passing Heathcote.

9/12/1920 - In the top of the fourth inning of a game in Chicago, Washington's Frank Ellerbe was on first base with two outs. Patsy Gharrity hit the ball into the left field bleachers for an apparent two-run homer. When Ellerbe heard the fans in those seats cheering he thought Joe Jackson had caught the ball which would have ended the inning. After rounding third base, Ellerbe turned and went to his shortstop position. Meanwhile Gharrity trotted around the bases. When he rounded third base, he was called out for passing Ellerbe. Both umpires, Bill Dineen and Ollie Chill, made the call. Washington argued that since the ball was out of play it did make any difference that Gharrity passed Ellerbe. The headline in the next days' New York Times read: "Gharrity's Homer Retires His Side." This event had no affect on the game as the Senators beat the White Sox, 5-0.

6/6/1921 - In the bottom of the second, the Cubs had runners on first and second with no outs when Tom Daly hit a fly to right. Dodger Tommy Griffith lost the ball in the sun. John Kelleher, the runner on first, thought the ball would be caught and returned to the bag only to have Daly pass him.

5/30/1930 - In the first game of a Memorial Day doubleheader, Dodger Del Bissonette batted against Claude Willoughby of the Phillies in the bottom of the fourth inning with runners on first and second. As Bissonette�s fly ball neared the fence, Babe Herman, fearing a catch, stopped. Bissonette didn�t see Herman and passed him. He was called out by umpire Cy Pfirman and was credited with a 2-RBI single.

9/15/1930 - In the bottom of the second with runners on 1b and 2b, Dodger Glenn Wright hit the ball to right-center. It looked like it might be caught so Babe Herman slowed up as he neared 2b. The ball bounced over the fence for a home run but Wright had his head down as he ran between 1b and 2b. Consequently, he passed Herman and was called out. He lost a homer but still knocked in 2 runs.

4/26/1931 - In the first inning with Lyn Lary on first and two out, Lou Gehrig hit a home run into the centerfield bleachers at Griffith Stadium. However, the ball caromed back to the centerfielder. Lary returned to the dugout, evidently thinking the ball was caught. Gehrig was declared out for passing the runner and lost the homer. He ended the year tied for the lead in homers with Babe Ruth.

6/9/1948 - In the bottom of the eighth inning, the Cardinals were losing to the Braves, 11-4, having scored three runs in the inning. Enos Slaughter was the runner on first when Marty Marion hit a ball down the right field line. Slaughter thought the ball was foul and stopped running while Marion saw it land fair and rounded first. He was called out for passing Slaughter.

6/19/1953 - In the bottom of the first inning against the Dodgers, Cubbies Frank Baumholtz and Eddie Miksis each bunted for a hit. After a fly out, Hank Sauer hit a fly to center for the second out but Miksis rounded second and passed Baumholtz for the third out, thus killing a potential rally.

5/26/1959 - Joe Adcock lost a homer in Harvey Haddix' perfect game. In the bottom of the 13th inning, after Felix Mantilla reached on an error and was sacrificed to second, Hank Aaron was intentionally walked. Adcock then hit his home run. However, Aaron didn't know the ball left the park, so he returned to the dugout and Adcock was called out for passing Aaron.

9/1/1960 - The Phillies and Dodgers were tied at 2 in the bottom of the 11th inning. With one out, Tommy Davis doubled to left and moved to third on a balk by Turk Farrell. Frank Howard and John Roseboro were intentionally passed to load the bases. Duke Snider pinch hit for Charlie Neal and singled to left-center. After the winning run scored, Snider was ruled out for passing Roseboro between first and second base.

5/23/1961 - The Dodgers were playing in Cincinnati. Maury Wills was the runner at first with one out in the third inning when Willie Davis hit a pop fly to center. As it dropped in for a hit, Wills was returning to first and Davis rounded the bag too far and passed Wills.

8/29/1962 - In the bottom of the 13th inning, the Reds and Dodgers were tied at 1 run apiece. With runners on second and third, Duke Snider was intentionally walked to load the bases for John Roseboro. Roseboro hit a fly to center field which dropped in front of Vada Pinson for a hit. After Tommy Davis scored the apparent winning run, Roseboro was called out for passing Snider between first and second. Snider then ran to second to avoid making the third out on a force play. Thus Davis� run stood as the game-winner.

8/12/1964 - In the top of the ninth inning in Minnesota, the Tigers had the bases loaded with one out and ahead 3-2. Jerry Lumpe hit to left field, scoring Don Wert and Mickey Lolich but passed Bill Bruton between first and second base. He was credited with a single and two runs batted in. Bruton scored the sixth run when the next batter, Al Kaline, doubled.

4/21/1967 - Tony Oliva of Minnesota lost a home run due to a base running blunder. Playing in Detroit in the third inning, Cesar Tovar was the runner at first base. Oliva hit the ball out of the park off Denny McLain, but then passed Tovar between first and second. He was credited with a single and one RBI for scoring Tovar.

8/11/1967 - In the first game of a double header at Detroit, Frank Robinson hit the ball to center field in the top of the third inning. The runner on first, Russ Snyder, thought the ball was caught and returned towards first. Robinson rounded the bag too far and passed Snyder, who ended up at second base when the play was over.

5/23/1968 - In Anaheim, the Indians had the bases loaded with one out when Larry Brown hit a sacrifice fly to right field, scoring Duke Sims. However, Tony Horton rounded second and passed Jose Cardenal to end the inning.

4/8/1969 - In the bottom of the second Angel Bobby Knoop hit a ball to right field. The Seattle Pilot fielder, Mike Hegan, crashed into the wall just as he got to the ball. It rolled back towards the infield where it was retrieved by the second baseman, Tommy Harper. Aurelio Rodriguez scored from second but Knoop passed Tom Satriano between first and second. Satriano ended up at second base while Knoop was called out and was credited with a single.

4/25/1969 - In the bottom of the seventh inning against the Expos, Pirate Roberto Clemente was on first when Willie Stargell singled. Clemente eventually ended up at third base but Stargell was called out for passing Clemente between first and second base.

7/18/1969 - Don Buford hit the ball into the right field seats in Fenway Park in the eighth inning. Tony Conigliaro leaped and fell into the stands, but did not have the ball when he came up. The first base umpire, Bob Stewart, gave no signal. Dave May, running at first, hesitated, then started back to first base. Buford passed him and May was called out while Buford circled the bases. A five minute argument followed. Earl Weaver argued about Stewart�s delayed home run call. Buford was credited with a run scoring single, and May with a run scored, even though those events never actually happened on the field. Home plate umpire Red Flaherty allegedly called May out, which was why he stopped running. The hit came off Ray Jarvis, who was ahead 6-0 at the time. May�s run was the only tally of the game for the Orioles.

5/15/1970 - After Ron Swoboda reached on an error in the top of the second inning, Phillies center-fielder Oscar Gamble dropped a fly hit by the Mets� Joe Foy. Foy passed Swoboda and was called out while Swoboda returned safely to first.

5/26/1970 - The Phillies had runners on first and third in the top of the ninth inning in Montreal with no outs. Byron Browne hit a fly to short right field that was trapped by Rusty Staub for a single. Terry Harmon held at third base and Jim Hutto was returning to first when Browne rounded the bag and passed Hutto. The next batter, Tony Taylor, hit an inside the park homer to score the eventual game-winning runs.

7/9/1970 - In the seventh inning at Tiger Stadium, Dalton Jones pinch hit for Jim Price with the bases loaded. Jones hammered the 2-2 pitch into the upper deck in right field for a grand slam. However, Jones passed Don Wert between first and second and was called out, thus ending up with a 3-RBI single. Vicente Romo had entered the game to face Jones.

5/27/1972 - The Brewers had runners on first and second with one out in the seventh inning at Fenway Park. Mike Ferraro hit a fly ball to center and John Briggs started running from first. After rounding second, he passed George Scott and was called out for a double play.

9/11/1972 - In the bottom of the sixth inning, the bases were full of Indians with one out. Roy Foster hit a sacrifice fly to left field but Ben Oglivie dropped the ball. Oglivie threw to Rico Petrocelli at third for a force-out of Jack Heidemann while at the same time Foster passed Kurt Bevacqua between first and second for a double play to end the inning. However, Buddy Bell scored before the third out, which was the runner being passed, so the run counted.

6/19/1974 - Giant Ed Goodson hit a home run in the third inning off Bob Gibson at St. Louis with Garry Maddox on first and no one out. Unfortunately, Goodson passed Maddox between first and second. Goodson was credited with a single and a run batted in.

7/4/1976 - Catcher Tim McCarver of the Phillies hit a grand slam in the second inning of the first game of a doubleheader at Pittsburgh. The 375 foot homer came off Larry Demery. However, after rounding first base, McCarver passed Garry Maddox and was called out. He received credit for a single and three runs batted in.

6/24/1977 - Ralph Garr of the White Sox homered off Minnesota�s Paul Thormodsgard in Minneapolis. It came in the third inning with two men on and no one out. Jim Essian, the runner on first, thought the ball might be caught by the Twins� right fielder, Dan Ford, so he retreated towards first base. Garr was watching the flight of the ball and passed Essian after rounding the bag. He was credited with a single and two runs batted in.

7/18/1978 - In the 9th inning, the Dodgers led the Pirates 6-2. With one out, Ron Cey homered to extend the Dodgers� lead. After Steve Garvey singled, both Dusty Baker and Joe Ferguson walked to load the bases. Bill North flied out to CF but Ferguson was off at the crack of the bat. He passed Baker between 2B and 3B and was called out, thus ending the Los Angeles inning. The Pirates did not score in the bottom of the inning and the Dodgers won, 7-2.

9/5/1978 - In the bottom of the 7th inning, the Twins loaded the bases against the White Sox on singles by Dan Ford and Jose Morales and a walk to Larry Wolfe. Bombo Rivera singled to CF and Morales passed Ford near home and was called out. Minnesota scored only one run in the inning and followed it with two more in the ninth but lost 4-3.

4/10/1982 - The Astros were playing in Atlanta. In the top of the 4th inning, Jose Cruz reached on an infield single. After an out, Ray Knight hit a ball to RF; Cruz stayed near 1B waiting to see if Claudell Washington would catch the ball. When he didn�t, Knight rounded the 1B while Cruz was still near bag. Knight was called out (but credited with a single) and Cruz landed on 2B. Houston eventually scored one run in the inning and Atlanta eventually won the game 8-6.

5/14/1982 - Pittsburgh's Lee Lacy batted in the bottom of the eighth inning as the first batter to face Tom Hume of the Reds. The bases were loaded with no outs and Lacy hit one of Hume's pitches out of the park. However, in the celebration during his run around the bases, Lacy passed Omar Moreno between first and second. He is credited with a single and three runs batted in. Luckily, Moreno's run won the game for the Pirates 8-7.

6/18/1983 - Willie McGee dropped Mel Hall's fly ball with Greg Lake on 1B in the top of the fourth inning. Hall passed Lake and was called out. Lake was caught in a rundown between 1B and 2B for a very strange double play with LF David Green getting an assist when he recovered the dropped ball.

10/1/1983 - In the top of the 12th inning in Baltimore, the Yankees had Dave Winfield on 2B and Omar Moreno on 3B with one out. Don Baylor hit a come-backer to pitcher Bill Swaggerty. In the ensuing rundown, Winfield passed Moreno, who eventually scored the winning run when catcher John Stefero dropped the ball.

4/29/1985 - The Yankees had runners on 1B and 2B in the top of the fourth inning at Texas when Bobby Meacham hit a ball that just cleared the fence for a homer. He paid no attention to the fact that Willie Randolph stayed near 1B waiting to see if the ball would drop in. Meacham passed Randolph after rounding 1B and was called out. Randolph and Butch Wynegar both scored on the play and Meacham was credited with a single. Those runs put the Yanks up 4-0 but the Rangers won, 7-5.

5/15/1985 - In the San Francisco second inning, David Green doubled. Jose Uribe then hit a grounder to Pirates SS Bill Almon and Green was caught between 2B and 3B. He eluded the tag, returning to 2B, but was passed by Uribe and the latter player was called out. The visiting Pirates won the contest, 3-2.

7/29/1986 - With the bases loaded in the bottom of the first inning, Milwaukee�s Ernie Riles hit a fly ball to deed left-center. When the ball dropped between Claudell Washington and Rickey Henderson of the Yankees two runs scored. Riles, who ran hard from the plate, did not notice that Gorman Thomas had stayed near the 1B bag. When Riles passed Thomas, he was called out. Rob Deer followed that play with a home run, thus Riles's gaffe cost the Brewers a run. However, they beat the Yankees, 6-4.

5/26/1987 - The Indians had runners on 2B and 3B with one out in the top of the sixth inning at Fenway Park when Brook Jacoby hit a grounder to 3B. Wade Boggs threw wildly to the plate but Mel Hall was called out for passing Joe Carter during the play. The Red Sox were ahead at the time, 5-0 and eventually won, 6-5.

5/22/1991 - In the bottom of the first inning, the Royals had runners on 1B and 2B with one out when Danny Tartabull hit an infield fly to 3B. When Mariners 3Bman Edgar Martinez dropped the ball, Brian McRae took off from 1B and passed Kirk Gibson at 2B. McRae was called out but the Royals won, 3-1.

9/16/1991 - The Dodgers had runners on 1B and 3B when Lenny Harris hit a grounder to 3B in the bottom of the eleventh. Chris Sabo threw home to nab Jose Offerman and Harris kept running. He was called out for passing Brett Butler. The Dodgers won in the 12th, 6-5.

5/23/1992 - After a single and a muffed grounder, the Tigers had runners on 1B and 3B with no one out in the bottom of the eighth inning. Cecil Fielder hit a liner to deep right-center scoring Lou Whittaker from 3B. Travis Fryman did not advance, thinking the ball might be caught, and Fielder passed him after rounding the 1B bag.

8/30/1992 - In the top of the fifth inning, Baltimore�s Brady Anderson walked and Randy Milligan singled to LF. Mike Devereaux hit a fly ball to the wall in RF, which was caught by the Mariners� Jay Buhner. Milligan took off for and went beyond second on the hit and passed Anderson, who stayed near the bag. Milligan thus became the second out on the play. Anderson evidently became confused and was tagged out to complete a very weird triple play. The Orioles still won the game, 2-0.

10/20/1992 - In the top of the fourth inning of game 3 of the World Series, the Braves had runners on first and second with no one out after singles by Deion Sanders and Terry Pendleton. David Justice hit a fly to very deep centerfield near the wall. Sanders retreated towards second as Devon White chased the ball. Pendleton was running on the play and rounded the bag, passing Sanders and was called out on the play. After a spectacular catch by White, he relayed the ball to the infield and Sanders was tagged by Kelly Gruber for an apparent triple play but the umpire declared Sanders safe. Replays showed that Sanders was clearly out.

6/19/1993 - The Tigers had the bases loaded and one out in the bottom of the second inning. Alan Trammell doubled to RF scoring two runs. However, as Lou Whittaker rounded 2B he was called out for passing Milt Cuyler. The Tigers went on to win the game, 10-7.

9/17/1993 - The Dodgers Cory Snyder was on 1B with one out in the top of the fourth inning in Colorado when Billy Ashley singled to CF. As Ashley rounded the bag, he passed Snyder and was called out. The Rockies won the game, 12-3.

5/14/1995 - In the top of the ninth inning, Yankee Tony Fernandez hit a sacrifice fly to RF. As Danny Tartabull scored from 3B, Gerald Williams stayed near 1B expecting the ball to be caught. However, when Boston�s Troy O�Leary dropped the ball and Fernandez rounded 1B, he was called out for passing Williams. The Red Sox won the game 3-2.

6/27/1995 - The Padres had the bases loaded and no one out in the top of the fourth inning in Los Angeles. Roberto Petagine hit a fly ball that Dodger LF Billy Ashley lost in the lights. Two runs scored on the play but Ken Caminiti stayed near 1B and Petagine rounded the bag too far and passed Caminiti. It didn�t hurt much as the Padres won, 14-3.

4/8/1997 - The Mariners had the bases loaded with one out in the bottom of the fifth. Ken Griffey, Jr. doubled to CF and Alex Rodriguez, starting from 1B, passed Joey Cora and was declared out at 2B. Cora, who started from 2B, only made it to 3B on the double. Seattle went on to beat the Indians 14-8.

7/21/1998 - In the top of the third inning in San Francisco, Travis Lee of the Diamondbacks reached when SS Rich Aurilia booted a ground ball. Devon White then singled to LF, moving Lee to 2B. After a fly out by David Dellucci, Jay Bell flied out to RF. White was called out for passing Lee at 2B, turning the fly ball into a double play. Arizona won anyway, 5-3.

9/26/1998 - The Pirates� Adrian Brown singled to lead off the top of the fourth in Cincinnati. Jose Guillen was hit by a Pete Harnisch pitch. Kevin Young then homered to LF and Guillen rounded 2B and passed Brown, turning a three-run homer into a two-run shot. The Reds won 6-2.

8/2/2000 - In the bottom of the seventh inning, the Cubs had the bases loaded with one out and Eric Young batting. Young hit a ball to deep LF that looked like it might be caught. Damon Buford scored from 3B but Joe Girardi could only advanced one base to 3B. Young tried for a double on the play without checking the status of the runner in front of him (Brant Brown) and passed Brown. The gaffe was the second base-running blunder of the inning for the Cubs as Willie Greene had been thrown out at 2B by Rockies RF Larry Walker when Greene took a wide turn. The Cubs only scored one run in the inning but won the game 3-2.

8/29/2001 - In the top of the second inning, the Mariners� David Bell walked. Tom Lampkin hit a liner to Tampa Bay�s Ben Grieve in RF. Bell saw that Grieve should catch it, put his head down and returned to 1B. Lampkin saw the ball drop in, put his head down and started for 2B. Lampkin passed Bell and was called out. The Mariners still won the game 5-2 on their way to 116 victories.

7/6/2002 - In the top of the tenth, the Royals Michael Tucker hit a long fly to center which was caught by Terrence Long of the Athletics at the wall. However, Long snow-coned it and lost it over the fence for a homer when he hit the wall. Mike Caruso started to tag up as Tucker approached 2B. Tucker stopped but Caruso passed him going back to the bag. Tucker was called out for passing the runner; he lost a homer but was credited with an RBI-single that gave the Royals a 4-3 victory over the Athletics.

5/7/2004 - In the top of the third inning in Seattle, Yankees outfielder Hideki Matsui walked. Ruben Sierra hit a fly to the wall in right-center field. Matsui started for second base but thought the ball would be caught. He started back towards first while watching the play in the outfield. The ball was dropped as Sierra rounded first. He motioned Matsui to run towards second but Matsui did not see him. Sierra passed Matsui and then retreated towards first base as Matsui turned to run to second. Sierra was called out for passing Matsui. The Mariners won, 6-2.

5/8/2004 - For the second consecutive day, a runner was passed. The Padres were batting in the top of the third inning in Florida. Jay Payton doubled and Terrence Long singled him to third base. Miguel Ojeda hit a ball to center and Juan Pierre attempted to make a shoe-string catch. It appeared that he caught the ball and Long retreated towards first. The play was ruled a trap and Ojeda rounded first and passed Long for the out. The Padres still beat the Marlins, 6-3.

6/26/2005 - These plays often happen when the batter is watching the ball and not paying attention to the runner. But on this day in St. Louis, the problem came about because the preceding runner became very confused. With one out in the bottom of the fourth and runners on first (Abraham Nunez) and second (Hector Luna), Cardinal catcher Yadier Molina hit a drive off the right field wall, scoring Luna easily. However, Nunez thought the ball had been caught and started back to first. Molina saw him, stopped and waved frantically for him to go to second. Nunez kept going back to first and Molina was ruled out for passing the retrogressing Nunez, even though Molina was completely stationary at the time. Now befuddled by the proceedings, Nunez stopped running in any direction and was tagged out as the Pirates completed a very odd double play that was scored as right fielder to second baseman on an RBI single.

4/16/2006 - Javy Lopez of the Orioles hit a home run to left center as Darin Erstad attempted to catch the ball at the wall. The runner on first, Miguel Tejada, thinking the ball was caught, returned towards the bag and Lopez rounded first and passed Tejada. Lopez was called out and Tejada scored on the play, giving Lopez an RBI single over the wall.

7/3/2006 - In the top of the 8th inning with runners on first and second, Jason Bay hit a ball to deep left field. It bounced, but left fielder, Cliff Floyd, picked it up on the bounce with his bare hand and fired it back into second base. Bay, who thought the ball had been caught, passed Sean Casey (who advanced to second base safely) while heading back to the dugout, and was called out. Bay was awarded an RBI on the play as Jose Bautista scored on Bay's single.

6/27/2011 - In the bottom of the sixth inning of an Interleague game between the Reds and the Rays, Evan Longoria rounded 2B thinking that Matt Joyce's fly would drop in. He passed Ben Zobrist, who was going back to 2B to tag up. Umpire Angel Hernandez immediately called out Longoria for passing Zobrist.

5/20/2012 In the top of the ninth of an Interleague game in Houston, Michael Young of the Rangers was on first base when Nelson Cruz hit a fly ball that Astros CF Justin Maxwell touched but dropped in attempting to make the catch. The ball was ruled in play by third base umpire Tim McClelland. Young returned to first because he thought the ball was caught. The throw came in to second base for an apparent force, but Cruz also thinking the ball had been caught rounded first and headed into the infield back to the third base dugout. He had passed Young and was out before second base was tagged. Young, having returned to first, was safe while Cruz was credited with a single and called out for passing Young.

4/12/2014 In the top of the third inning at Seattle, Oaklands Brandon Moss hit a fly ball to left center. Dustin Ackley made a sliding catch, but dropped the ball on the transfer to his throwing hand. The play was ruled no catch. Josh Donaldson retreated toward 1B while Moss rounded the bag and passed Donaldson. Coco Crisp scored from third on the play, which went in the books as a sacrifice fly to the first baseman!

Minor Leagues

7/28/1924 - In an International League game at Rochester, Fred Merkel hit a home run against Baltimore with Griffin on second and Gonzales on third. Griffin passed Gonzales before the latter could score for the third out. The three lost runs cost Rochester the game, as they lost 4-2 to the Orioles.


Page Updated: 9/17/2014
All data contained at this site is copyright 1996-2014 by Retrosheet. All Rights Reserved.